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Dyslexia

What is Dyslexia ?

Dyslexia is a specific learning disability characterized by difficulties with accurate and fluent word recognition, spelling, and decoding abilities. Individuals with dyslexia may have challenges in phonological processing, which affects their ability to manipulate sounds in words and decode written language. Dyslexia is not due to a lack of intelligence or educational opportunities but rather results from differences in how the brain processes language.

Common signs of dyslexia include difficulty with reading, slow or inaccurate reading, difficulty understanding spoken language, problems with spelling, and challenges with written expression. Dyslexia can impact various aspects of academic performance, including reading comprehension, writing skills, and academic achievement.

While dyslexia is a lifelong condition, early identification and appropriate interventions can help individuals with dyslexia overcome challenges and develop effective reading and language skills. Multisensory instruction, phonics-based interventions, structured literacy approaches, and accommodations such as audiobooks or text-to-speech software are often used to support individuals with dyslexia in improving their reading and academic success.

How can Speech Therapy help people with Dyslexia ?

Speech therapists can play a valuable role in supporting individuals with dyslexia by addressing underlying language difficulties that may contribute to reading and writing challenges. While dyslexia primarily affects reading and language processing, speech therapists can provide targeted interventions to improve phonological awareness, decoding skills, and overall language abilities. Here’s how speech therapists help with dyslexia:

Phonological Awareness Training: Speech therapists work on developing phonological awareness skills, including phonemic awareness (identifying and manipulating individual sounds), phonological blending (combining sounds to form words), and phonological segmentation (breaking words into individual sounds). These skills are foundational for reading and spelling and are often weak in individuals with dyslexia.

Decoding and Word Recognition: Speech therapists provide instruction and practice in decoding skills, helping individuals with dyslexia learn how to sound out words and recognize familiar letter patterns. Through structured exercises and multisensory approaches, therapists help strengthen connections between letters and sounds, improving reading accuracy and fluency.

Vocabulary and Language Skills: Speech therapists address vocabulary development and overall language comprehension, which are important for reading comprehension and academic success. Therapists work on expanding vocabulary knowledge, understanding word meanings in context, and improving comprehension of written language.

Oral Reading Fluency: Speech therapists work on improving oral reading fluency, helping individuals with dyslexia read more smoothly and with better expression. Through repeated readings, modeling, and feedback, therapists help build reading confidence and improve reading comprehension.

Writing and Spelling Skills: Speech therapists provide instruction and practice in spelling and writing skills, focusing on phonetic spelling strategies, word formation rules, and proofreading techniques. Therapists help individuals with dyslexia develop effective writing skills and overcome challenges with spelling and written expression.

Assistive Technology and Accommodations: Speech therapists may recommend and teach individuals with dyslexia how to use assistive technology tools and accommodations, such as text-to-speech software, speech recognition software, audiobooks, or specialized fonts, to support reading and writing tasks.

While speech therapists do not diagnose dyslexia, they can collaborate with other professionals, such as educators, psychologists, and reading specialists, to provide comprehensive support for individuals with dyslexia. By addressing underlying language difficulties and providing targeted interventions, speech therapists help individuals with dyslexia improve their reading and language skills, build confidence, and achieve academic success.

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02 9139 8909

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Call us to book an appointment

02 9139 8909

Make Appointment