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Lisps & Articulation Disorders

What is Lisps & Articulation Disorders ?

Lisps and articulation disorders are speech disorders characterised by difficulties in producing specific sounds accurately. A lisp refers to the mispronunciation of the “s” and “z” sounds, resulting in a distortion or substitution with a different sound, such as “th.” Articulation disorders, on the other hand, encompass a broader range of difficulties in producing speech sounds, including substitutions, omissions, distortions, or additions of sounds. These errors can affect the clarity and intelligibility of speech, making it difficult for listeners to understand the speaker. Articulation disorders may involve difficulties with individual sounds (phonemes) or sound patterns (phonological processes). Speech therapy interventions for lisps and articulation disorders typically focus on teaching correct placement and movement of the articulators (e.g., lips, tongue, jaw) to produce target sounds accurately and consistently, improving overall speech clarity and intelligibility.

How can Speech Therapy help people with Lisps & Articulation Disorders ?

Articulation therapy is a specialized form of speech therapy aimed at treating articulation disorders, which involve difficulties in producing speech sounds accurately. Here’s an overview of articulation therapy and its key components:

Assessment: The therapy begins with a comprehensive assessment conducted by a speech-language pathologist to identify the specific articulation errors and underlying factors contributing to the disorder. This may involve standardized tests, informal probes, and observation of speech production in various contexts.

Target Selection: Based on the assessment results, the speech-language pathologist selects specific target sounds or patterns to address during therapy. These targets are chosen based on the individual’s age, developmental level, severity of the disorder, and other relevant factors.

Therapeutic Techniques: Articulation therapy utilizes a variety of techniques and activities to facilitate correct production of target sounds. These may include:
Auditory discrimination exercises to help the individual distinguish between correct and incorrect productions.

Articulation drills focusing on accurate placement and movement of articulators (e.g., lips, tongue, jaw) to produce target sounds.

Phonetic placement cues and visual aids to help the individual understand how to produce sounds correctly.

Minimal pairs activities to contrast target sounds with similar sounds, helping the individual discriminate between them.

Contextual practice in words, phrases, sentences, and conversation to generalize correct sound production across different contexts.

Feedback and Reinforcement: Throughout therapy sessions, the speech-language pathologist provides feedback and positive reinforcement to encourage the individual’s progress and motivation. This may include praise, rewards, or visual cues to indicate correct productions.

Home Practice: Articulation therapy often includes homework assignments or activities for the individual to practice outside of therapy sessions. This reinforces learning and helps generalize newly acquired skills to real-life situations.

Progress Monitoring: The speech-language pathologist regularly monitors the individual’s progress and adjusts therapy goals and techniques accordingly. Progress may be measured through standardized assessments, informal probes, and observation of functional communication skills.

Family Involvement: Family members are encouraged to participate in therapy sessions and support the individual’s practice at home. The speech-language pathologist may provide education and training to caregivers on how to facilitate speech sound development and carry over therapy techniques in everyday interactions.

Overall, articulation therapy is a structured and individualized approach designed to help individuals improve their speech sound production and enhance overall communication skills. With consistent practice and support from a speech-language pathologist, individuals can achieve clearer and more intelligible speech, enhancing their ability to communicate effectively in various settings.

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02 9139 8909

Call us to book an appointment

02 9139 8909

Make Appointment

Call us to book an appointment

02 9139 8909

Make Appointment