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Speech Sound Disorders

What is Speech Sound Disorders ?

Speech sound disorders (SSD) refer to difficulties in producing speech sounds accurately and fluently. These disorders can affect the articulation, phonological processing, and motor coordination involved in speech production. Children with SSD may substitute, omit, distort, or add sounds in their speech, leading to difficulties in being understood by others. SSD can impact various aspects of communication, including vocabulary development, social interaction, and academic performance. Causes of SSD may include structural abnormalities, developmental delays, hearing impairment, or neurological conditions. Early intervention by speech-language pathologists is crucial for assessing and treating SSD. Treatment approaches may include speech therapy techniques to improve articulation, phonological awareness activities to enhance sound discrimination skills, and strategies to promote clear and intelligible speech. With appropriate intervention, many children with SSD can significantly improve their speech skills and effectively communicate with others.

How can Speech Therapy help people with Speech Sound Disorders ?

Speech sound therapy, also known as articulation therapy, is a specialized form of speech therapy aimed at treating speech sound disorders (SSD). Here’s what speech sound therapy typically involves:

  1. Assessment: The therapy begins with a comprehensive assessment conducted by a speech-language pathologist to identify the specific speech sound errors and underlying factors contributing to the disorder.
  2. Target Selection: The therapy begins with a comprehensive assessment conducted by a speech-language pathologist to identify the specific speech sound errors and underlying factors contributing to the disorder.
  3. Therapeutic Techniques: Speech sound therapy utilizes a variety of techniques and activities to facilitate correct production of target sounds. These may include:
    • Auditory discrimination exercises to help the individual distinguish between correct and incorrect productions.
    • Articulation drills focusing on accurate placement and movement of articulators (e.g., lips, tongue, jaw) to produce target sounds.
    • Phonetic placement cues and visual aids to help the individual understand how to produce sounds correctly.
    • Minimal pairs activities to contrast target sounds with similar sounds, helping the individual discriminate between them.
    • Contextual practice in words, phrases, sentences, and conversation to generalize correct sound production across different contexts.
  4. Feedback and Reinforcement: Throughout therapy sessions, the speech-language pathologist provides feedback and positive reinforcement to encourage the individual’s progress and motivation.
  5. Home Practice: Speech sound therapy often includes homework assignments or activities for the individual to practice outside of therapy sessions. This reinforces learning and helps generalize newly acquired skills to real-life situations.
  6. Progress Monitoring: Speech sound therapy often includes homework assignments or activities for the individual to practice outside of therapy sessions. This reinforces learning and helps generalize newly acquired skills to real-life situations.
Overall, speech sound therapy is a structured and individualized approach designed to help individuals with speech sound disorders improve their articulation and phonological skills, ultimately enhancing their communication abilities and quality of life.

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02 9139 8909

Call us to book an appointment

02 9139 8909

Make Appointment

Call us to book an appointment

02 9139 8909

Make Appointment